Paragraph 1 of Article 153 of the Constitution stipulates: “The State, in order to improve the livelihood of laborers and farmers and to improve their productive skills, shall enact laws and carry out policies for their protection.” The front paragraph of Article 155 stipulates: “The State, in order to promote social welfare, shall establish a social insurance system.” Article 10, Paragraph 8 of the Amendments to the Constitution also mandates the State to put emphasis on social welfare services from social insurance. Therefore, the State shall establish a social insurance system to jointly undertake the risk of possible losses resulting from their lives or occupations. To realize this constitutional mandate, the legislative body enacts the Labor Insurance Act to ensure that laborers can promptly get various insurance payments in light of the occurrence of insurance incidents, so as to protect the livelihood of the laborers and to promote social security.
Article 57 of the Enforcement Rules of the Labor Insurance Act, amended and promulgated on September 13, 1996, stipulates: “Once the application for cash payment by the insured or his/her beneficiaries is completed and approved for disbursement, the insurer shall disburse the payment within ten days since the date the application is received.” The purpose is to prompt the labor insurer complete the cash payment of labor insurance as soon as possible, and to protect the livelihood of the insured laborers or their beneficiaries in the aftermath of the insured incidents, and does not contravene the fundamental national policies of labor protection under the Constitution. With regard to how the insured laborers or their beneficiaries may seek remedy for damages resulting from the culpable delayed payment by the insurers, it should be pointed out that while the legislators have the naturally evolved authority, yet based on the above-indicated fundamental purpose under the Constitution for labor protection, they should certainly weigh in the progresses of social security mechanism, coordinate with the development of other social insurance systems, and make reference to the provisions on late fees and provisional suspension of insurance payment under Article 17 of the Labor Insurance Act so as to review constantly how the status of laborers can be improved in the labor insurance relations.